HU 210 (Total 506 Papers Found)

Alterations in motor functions are well-characterized features observed in humans and experimental animals with thyroid hormone dysfunctions during development. We have previously suggested the implication of the endocannabinoid system in the hyperlocomotor phenotype observed in developmentally induced hypothyroidism in rats. In this work we have further analyzed the implication of endocannabinoids in the effect of hypothyroidism on locomotor activity. To this end, we evaluated the locomotor act ...
The organized, tightly regulated signaling relays engaged by the cannabinoid receptors (CBs) and their ligands, G proteins and other effectors, together constitute the endocannabinoid system (ECS). This system governs many biological functions including cell proliferation, regulation of ion transport and neuronal messaging. This review will firstly examine the physiology of the ECS, briefly discussing some anomalies in the relay of the ECS signaling as these are consequently linked to maladies o ...
Recent reports have provided evidence of a link between the endogenous brain cannabinoid system and the endogenous central opioid systems. Here we report that the selective CB1 receptor antagonist SR 141716A induced behavioral and endocrine alterations associated with opiate withdrawal in morphine-dependent animals in a dose-dependent manner and that naloxone induced an opiate withdrawal syndrome in animals made cannabinoid-dependent by repeated administration of the potent cannabinoid agonist H ...
The endogenous C18 N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) N-linolenoylethanolamine (18:3 NAE), N-linoleoylethanolamine (18:2 NAE), N-oleoylethanolamine (18:1 NAE), and N-stearoylethanolamine (18:0 NAE) are structurally related to the endocannabinoid anandamide (20:4 NAE), but these lipids are poor ligands at cannabinoid CB(1) receptors. Anandamide is also an activator of the transient receptor potential (TRP) vanilloid 1 (TRPV(1)) on primary sensory neurons. Here we show that C18 NAEs are present in rat sen ...
The nucleus accumbens (NAc) represents a critical site for the rewarding properties of diverse classes of drugs of abuse. Glutamatergic afferents to the NAc are involved in the actions of psychostimulants and opioids, while the potentiation of dopaminergic neurotransmission in the NAc is a common feature of abused drugs, including cannabinoids. Cannabinoid receptors (CB1) are densely expressed in regions that provide excitatory innervation to the NAc, such as the amygdala, the cortex and the hip ...
Incubation of rat hippocampal slices in the presence of the synthetic cannabinoid (-)-11-OH-delta 8-dimethylheptyl tetrahydrocannabinol (HU-210) (100 nM) prevented the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP). Slices co-incubated with both HU-210 (100 nM) and the cannabinoid antagonist, SR141716A (100 nM), exhibited tetanically induced LTP, comparable to control slices. Intriguingly, coincubation with HU-210 and SR141716A prevented the induction of the early, short-term phase of LTP. ...
The effects of the cannabinoid (CB)-receptor agonists WIN55,212-2 and HU-210 and the selective CB1-receptor antagonist SR141716A were tested on in vitro and in vivo acid secretion assays from the rat. In the isolated gastric fundus from immature rats, WIN55,212-2 (0.001–30 μ M), HU-210 (0.001–10 μ M), or SR141716A (0.1–10 μ M) did not change the basal acid output or acid responses to histamine, pentagastrin, or electrical field stimulation. HU-210 (0.3 μ mol/kg, intravenously) inhibite ...
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the principle psychoactive ingredient of marijuana and produces various psychoactive effects through the brain cannabinoid (CB1) receptor. The CB1 receptor belongs to the seven-transmembrane domain family of G-protein-coupled receptors and is involved in the arachidonic acid cascade in the brain. Few reports have attempted to clarify the functional role of endogenous cannabinoid and the arachidonic acid cascade through the CB1 receptor using a behavioral paradigm. T ...
In the current study, we examined whether ligation of CB2 receptors would lead to induction of apoptosis in tumors of immune origin and whether CB2 agonist could be used to treat such cancers. Exposure of murine tumors EL-4, LSA, and P815 to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in vitro led to a significant reduction in cell viability and an increase in apoptosis. Exposure of EL-4 tumor cells to the synthetic cannabinoid HU-210 and the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide led to significant induction ...
Recent interest has focused on the potential of cannabinoids as novel analgesics. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a potent cannabinoid agonist, HU210, on somatosensory transmission in a model of neuropathic pain. Here, the effects of spinal versus systemic administration of HU210 on noxious and innocuous evoked responses of spinal neurones of nerve injured (selective ligation of spinal nerves L5-L6) and sham operated rats were compared 14-17 days post-surgical inter ...
The endocannabinoid system has been shown to mediate beneficial effects on gastrointestinal inflammation via cannabinoid receptors 1 (CB(1)) and 2 (CB(2)). These receptors have also been reported to activate the MAP kinases p38 and c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK), which are involved in early acinar events leading to acute pancreatitis and induction of proinflammatory cytokines. Our aim was to examine the role of cannabinoid receptor activation in an experimental model of acute pancreatitis and ...
1. To study the long-term effects of altered cannabinoid receptor activity on myocardial and vascular function, Wistar rats were treated with the selective CB(1) antagonist AM-251 (0.5 mg kg(-1) d(-1)), the potent synthetic cannabinoid HU-210 (50 micro g kg(-1) d(-1)) or vehicle for 12 weeks after coronary artery ligation or sham operation. 2. AM-251 further reduced the pressure-generating capacity, shifted the pressure volume curve to the right (P<0.05) and increased the left-ventricular ope ...
Cannabinoids, the active components of marijuana and their endogenous counterparts were reported as useful analgetic agents to accompany primary cancer treatment by preventing nausea, vomiting, and pain and by stimulating appetite. Moreover, they have been shown to inhibit cell growth and to induce apoptosis in tumor cells. Here, we demonstrate that anandamide, -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), HU-210, and Win55,212-2 promote mitogenic kinase signaling in cancer cells. Treatment of the glioblastoma c ...
In this report, we describe experiments in which cannabinoid receptor ligands were evaluated for effects on the development of a peritoneal inflammation when elicited in mice with thioglycollate broth or staphylococcus enterotoxin A. The cannabinoid receptor agonists [(-)-11-hydoxy-Delta(8) tetrahydrocannabinol-dimethylheptyl] (HU-210) and [(R)-(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(4-morpholinyl)methyl[pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl](1-naphthalenyl) methanone] (WIN 55212-2) blocked the migration o ...
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Conditioned gaping reactions reflect nausea-induced behaviour in rats. Cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB(1) ) agonists interfere with the establishment of nausea-induced conditioned gaping; however, it is not known if their effects are mediated by an action at peripheral or central CB(1) receptors. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH We utilized the conditioned gaping model of nausea to evaluate the effect of peripheral and central administration of the peripherally restricted CB(1) agonist, ...
This study examined the effects of long-term cannabinoid administration on the responsivity of 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptors, which have been implicated in depression. Animals received 12 d administration of the potent cannabinoid receptor agonist HU-210 (100 microg/kg), following which they were monitored on their behavioural, physiological and hormonal responses to a single challenge of a 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptor agonist, 8-OH-DPAT (0.3 mg/kg) and DOI (1 mg/kg) respectively. Chronic HU-210 tre ...
Recently, a new Law, named the "derivative law" (first addition, schedule drug change--2010), was accepted in the Israeli parliament. It will mean that dangerous substances that are closely related structurally to a drug that is listed in the dangerous drugs ordinance will automatically enter the dangerous drugs ordinance. The dangerous drugs that were sold in kiosks were related to 4 major groups: Amphetamines, methamphetamines, cathinone and methcathinone. Over 90% of the substances known as " ...
Cannabinoids have been shown to increase neurogenesis in adult brain, as well as protect neurons from excitotoxicity, calcium influx, inflammation, and ischemia. Recent studies have shown that synthetic cannabinoids can alleviate water maze impairments in rats treated with intracranial amyloid beta protein (Abeta); however it is unknown whether this effect is due to the cannabinoids' anti-inflammatory properties or whether it affects Abeta processing. Here we investigate whether cannabinoids hav ...
Previous studies have shown that mice primed with Corynebacterium parvum produce higher levels of inflammatory cytokines than unprimed mice upon challenge with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Herein, we describe experiments in which two cannabinoid (CB) agonists, WIN 55212-2 [(R)-(+)-[2, 3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(4-morpholinyl)methyl]pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]1, 4-benzoxazin-6-yl](1-naphthyl)methanone) and HU-210 [(-)-11-hydroxy-delta(8) tetrahydrocannabinol-dimethylheptyl], were examined for their effects on LPS ...
The classical cannabinoid agonist HU210, a structural analog of (-)-Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, binds to brain cannabinoid (CB1) receptors and activates signal transduction pathways. To date, an exact molecular description of the CB1 receptor is not yet available. Utilizing the minor binding pocket of the CB1 receptor as the primary ligand interaction site, we explored HU210 binding using lipid bilayer molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Among the potential ligand contact residues, we identifie ...
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by enhanced beta-amyloid peptide (betaA) deposition along with glial activation in senile plaques, selective neuronal loss, and cognitive deficits. Cannabinoids are neuroprotective agents against excitotoxicity in vitro and acute brain damage in vivo. This background prompted us to study the localization, expression, and function of cannabinoid receptors in AD and the possible protective role of cannabinoids after betaA treatment, both in vivo and in vit ...
The functional significance of adult neural stem and progenitor cells in hippocampal-dependent learning and memory has been well documented. Although adult neural stem and progenitor cells in the subventricular zone are known to migrate to, maintain and reorganize the olfactory bulb, it is less clear whether they are functionally required for other processes. Using a conditional transgenic mouse model, selective ablation of adult neural stem and progenitor cells in the subventricular zone induce ...
Cannabinoids disrupt learning and memory in human and nonhuman participants. Object recognition memory, which is particularly susceptible to the impairing effects of cannabinoids, relies critically on the perirhinal cortex (PRh); however, to date, the effects of cannabinoids within PRh have not been assessed. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of localized administration of the synthetic cannabinoid, HU210 (0.01, 1.0 μg/hemisphere), into PRh on spontaneous object recognition in Lo ...
1. Receptor transport between intracellular compartments has important consequences for receptor function and is an exciting area of current study. Existing methods for studying receptor trafficking often require labour-intensive techniques or are difficult to quantify reliably. We report a novel high-throughput method that uses automated imaging and analysis tools to accurately quantify cannabinoid CB1 receptor trafficking. 2. Haemagglutinin (HA)-tagged CB1 was stably expressed in HEK-293 cells ...
Cannabinoids exert most of their effects through the CB(1) receptor. This G protein-coupled receptor signals inhibition of adenylyl cyclase, modulation of ion channels, and stimulation of mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinases. In this article, we report that Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the major active component of marijuana, induces sphingomyelin hydrolysis in primary astrocytes but not in other cells expressing the CB(1) receptor, such as primary neurons, U373 MG astrocytoma c ...
Hemopressin (Hp), a 9-residue alpha-hemoglobin-derived peptide, was previously reported to function as a CB(1) cannabinoid receptor antagonist (1) . In this study, we report that mass spectrometry (MS) data from peptidomics analyses of mouse brain extracts identified N-terminally extended forms of Hp containing either three (RVD-Hpalpha) or two (VD-Hpalpha) additional amino acids, as well as a beta-hemoglobin-derived peptide with sequence similarity to that of hemopressin (VD-Hpbeta). Characteri ...
Glioma stem-like cells constitute one of the potential origins of gliomas, and therefore, their elimination is an essential factor for the development of efficient therapeutic strategies. Cannabinoids are known to exert an antitumoral action on gliomas that relies on at least two mechanisms: induction of apoptosis of transformed cells and inhibition of tumor angiogenesis. However, whether cannabinoids target human glioma stem cells and their potential impact in gliomagenesis are unknown. Here, w ...
The long-term use of levodopa as a pharmacotherapy for Parkinson's disease is limited by the development of levodopa-induced dyskinesias. However, recent studies have suggested that pharmacological targeting of the endocannabinoid system may provide a viable adjunct to suppress these motor side effects. Thus, this study sought to determine the effect of pharmacologically activating or blocking endocannabinoid signalling on levodopa-induced dyskinesias in a rat model. Male Sprague-Dawley rats wit ...
We studied the effect of selective ligands of cannabinoid (CB) receptors on contractility of isolated Langendorff-perfused rat heart under conditions of 45-min total ischemia and 30-min reperfusion. Perfusion with a solution containing selective CB receptor agonist HU-210 for 10 min before ischemia increased the severity of reperfusion contractile dysfunction. This drug decreased left ventricular developed pressure and maximum rates of contraction and relaxation, but had no effect on heart rate ...
This study compared the potency and efficacy of the cannabinoids delta-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-THC), HU-210, WIN 55,212-2 and CP 55,940 in suppressing food-reinforced operant behavior, increasing reaction latency in a hot-plate test and inducing hypothermia, and tested whether these behavioral effects induced by CP 55,940 showed differential sensitivity to the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist SR141716A, and to tolerance development. After acute i.p. administration to rats, operant behavio ...
Amino acid residues in the transmembrane domains of the CB(1) receptor are important for ligand recognition and signal transduction. We used site-directed mutagenesis to identify the role of two novel and adjacent residues in the transmembrane helix II domain, Ile2.62 and Asp2.63. We investigated the role of the conserved, negatively charged aspartate at position 2.63 in cannabinoid receptor (CB(1)) function by substituting it with asparagine (D2.63N) and glutamate (D2.63E). In addition, the eff ...
Chronic treatment with cannabinoid agonists leads to tolerance. One possible mechanism for this is receptor internalization, but tolerance has also been reported with compounds that only cause internalization to a low degree. Furthermore, cannabinoid antagonist administration precipitates a characteristic withdrawal syndrome in tolerant subjects, accompanied by neuronal activation and enhanced release of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) in the central amygdala. The underlying molecular mech ...
The discovery of endocannabinoids opens up new perspectives in experimental pain research. Here we present data for the excellent antinociceptive properties of the synthetic cannabinoid, R(-)-7-hydroxy-delta-6-tetra-hydrocannabinol-dimethylheptyl (HU-210), after intrathecal and oral administration in mice. It is known that cannabinoids depress motor activity. Therefore, these compounds are suspected of influencing antinociceptive tests. Our behavioural tests (RotaRod, tail flick) clearly show th ...
Using site-directed mutagenesis technique, I have replaced serine 285 and serine 292 with the alanine, and assessed the binding of agonist and signaling such as the inhibition of adenylyl cyclase activity. I have found that serine 292 has an important role in the signal transduction of cannabinoid agonists, HU-210 and CP55940, but not in that of aminoalkylindoles derivatives WIN55,212-2. All mutants express well in protein level determined by western blot using monoclonal antibody HA 11 as compa ...
Rationale: We wished to investigate further the hypothesis of an endogenous cannabinoid 'aversive counter-rewarding system', as the rewarding properties of cannabinoids using standard procedures remain ambiguous. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to confirm the behavioural effects of a highly potent synthetic cannabinoid agonist (HU210) and the selective cannabinoid antagonist SR141716A using conditioned place preference (CPP). Methods: HU210 (20, 60 and 100 µg kg–1), SR141716A (0.25 ...
The present study investigated whether cannabinoids can modulate neurotransmission mediated by capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves in the rat isolated mesenteric arterial bed. Sensory neurogenic vasorelaxation mediated by electrical field stimulation was concentration-dependently attenuated by HU210 (0.1-3 microM), a cannabinoid receptor agonist (from 62+/-8.3% to 6+/-2.1% at 3 microM HU210). HU210 had no effect on relaxation to exogenous calcitonin gene-related peptide, indicating a prejunctiona ...
Until about a decade ago, most new psychoactive substances that emerged were typically sold on the illicit market. They were usually produced in clandestine laboratories and called ‘designer drugs’, or were sourced from diverted medicines. This continues to be the case, with some of these drugs simply acting as temporary substitutes—often unknown to users—for established controlled drugs that are in short supply, such as 3,4methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA). The sale of new drugs ...
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a slow insidious neurological disorder characterized by a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain. Although several recent preclinical advances have proposed to treat PD, there is hardly any clinically proved new therapeutic for its cure. Increasing evidence suggests a prominent modulatory function of the cannabinoid signaling system in the basal ganglia. Hence, use of cannabinoids as a new therapeutic target has been recommended as a promising therapy for PD. ...
Intravenous injection of cannabinoids dissolved in cremophore EL:ethanol:NaCl mixture and water-soluble emulsion of the same cannabinoids caused identical negative chronotropic effects in chloralose-narcotized rats. Selective CB1 and CB2 receptor antagonist HU-210 also induced a negative chronotropic effect in rats, while pre-injection of CB1 receptor antagonist SR 141716A completely abolished this effect of HU-210. Selective CB2 receptor antagonist SR 144528 had no effect on HU-210-induced brad ...
This investigation examined the effects, in female rats, of a Pavlovian conditioning paradigm on the development of tolerance to hypolocomotion induced by the cannabinoid agonist HU-210. Rats were administered HU-210 and placebo in either an associative or a nonassociative fashion. The results indicated that rats in the associative paradigm developed tolerance significantly faster than those in the nonassociative group (p < 0.03). Subsequently, once tolerance had developed, the associative gr ...
Adult male Long-Evans rats were administered the potent cannabinoid 1 receptor agonist HU-210 (100 microg/kg, i.p.) for 15 days continuously and their performance on a matching-to-place version of the Morris water maze was subsequently evaluated. Overall, experimental animals performed significantly worse initially on the reference memory component of this task, but their performance improved over 5 days until it was indistinguishable from that of control animals. Animals given HU-210 did not ex ...
Marijuana is the most widely used drug of abuse all over the world. The major active constituent of the drug is Δ⁹- tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ⁹-THC). Δ⁹-THC exerts its psychological activities by interacting with the cannabinoid receptors (CB₁ and CB₂) in the brain. JWH-018, HU-210, and CP-47497, with CB₁ agonist activity (similar to Δ⁹-THC), have been used by the drug culture to spike smokable herbal products to attain psychological effects similar to those obtained by smoking ma ...
Loss of inhibitory synaptic transmission within the dorsal horn of the spinal cord plays a key role in the development of chronic pain following inflammation or nerve injury. Inhibitory postsynaptic transmission in the adult spinal cord involves mainly glycine. Ajulemic acid and HU210 are non-psychotropic, synthetic cannabinoids. Cannabidiol is a non-psychotropic plant constituent of cannabis sativa. There are hints that non-cannabinoid receptor mechanisms of these cannabinoids might be mediated ...
The intracellular C-terminal helix 8 (H8) of the CB(1) cannabinoid receptor deviates from the highly conserved NPXXY(X)(5,6)F G-protein-coupled receptor motif, possessing a Leu instead of a Phe. We compared the signal transduction capabilities of CB(1) with those of an L7.60F mutation and an L7.60I mutation that mimics the CB(2) sequence. The two mutant receptors differed from wild type (WT) in their ability to regulate G-proteins in the [(35)S]guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate binding assay. ...
Cannabinoids have been suggested to protect retinal ganglion cells in different models of toxicity, but their effects on other retinal neurons are poorly known. We investigated the neuroprotective actions of the endocannabinoid N-arachidonoyl ethanolamine (Anandamide/AEA) and the synthetic cannabinoids R1-Methanandamide (MethAEA) and HU-210, in an in vivo retinal model of AMPA excitotoxicity, and the mechanisms involved in the neuroprotection. Sprague-Dawley rats were intravitreally injected wi ...
Cannabinoids have long been known to affect anxiety, emotionality and stress responsivity; however, the direction of this effect has been controversial. This research aimed to compare the effects of chronic administration of both a very low dose (5 microg/kg) and a very high dose (100 microg/kg) of the potent cannabinoid CB(1) receptor agonist HU-210 on emotionality and stress responsivity. Twelve day administration of the high dose of HU-210 increased anxiety-like behavior as indicated by a sig ...
Intravenous injection of the selective cannabinoid receptor agonist HU-210 in doses of 0.05 and 0.25 mg/kg increased heart resistance to arrhythmogenic effects of epinephrine, while intracerebroventricular infusion of this substance had no effect on the incidence of epinephrine-induced arrhythmia. The selective antagonist of type I cannabinoid receptors SR141716A in a dose of 3 mg/kg and ganglion blocker hexamethonium in a dose of 10 mg/kg did not modify the antiarrhythmic effect of HU-210. This ...
The cannabinoids comprise three major classes of substances, including compounds derived from the cannabis plant (e.g. Δ(9) -tetrahydrocannabinol and the chemically related substances CP55940 and HU210), endogenously formed (e.g. anandamide) and synthetic compounds (e.g. WIN55212-2). Beyond their psychotropic effects, cannabinoids have complex effects on blood pressure, including biphasic changes of Δ(9) -tetrahydrocannabinol and WIN55212-2 and an even triphasic effect of anandamide. The diffe ...
Colorectal cancer is an increasingly important cause of death in Western countries. Endocannabinoids inhibit colorectal carcinoma cell proliferation in vitro. In this paper, we investigated the involvement of endocannabinoids on the formation of aberrant crypt foci (ACF, earliest preneoplastic lesions) in the colon mouse in vivo. ACF were induced by azoxymethane (AOM); fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) and cannabinoid receptor messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) levels were analyzed by the quantit ...